Stigma and Perceptions of the Community Mental Health Implementation Team on Mental Health Problems in the Community

Fajar Rinawati, Novita Setyowati

Abstract


The Community Mental Health Implementation Team or TP-KJM is a team at the District/City level which consists of several elements and is directly involved in mental health issues in the community. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the stigma and perceptions of the TP-KJM regarding mental health problems in the community. This research design is descriptive quantitative with cross sectional approach. The sample in this study were part of the TP-KJM, as many as 46 respondents. Data were collected using an instrument in the form of a questionnaire The results showed that 57% of the TP-KJM had a negative stigma and 43% had a positive stigma regarding mental health problems in the community. The description of negative stigma includes assuming that people with mental disorders (ODGJ) cannot control themselves (33%), cannot be allowed to do their own activities outside (26%), people who cannot take care of themselves (24%), are dangerous (22%), disturbing the peace in society (20%), unable to work normally (17%), have no future (4%), disgrace in the family and society (4%), and disturbs the safety of others and the environment (2%).


Keywords


mental health; perceptions; stigma; TP-KJM

Full Text:

PDF

References


Astuti, R. T., Amin, M. K., & Pinilih, S. S. (2014). Pengaruh Pelatihan Kader Terhadap Peningkatan Pengetahuan Perawatan Pada Gangguan Jiwa Di Wilayah Puskesmas Sawangan Kabupaten Magelang. Journal of Holistic Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-21.http://journal.ummgl.ac.id/index.php/nursing/article/view/418

Dinkes Jatim. (2019). Data Kesehatan Jiwa Dinas Kesehatan Jawa Timur Tahun 2019.

Herdiyanto, Y. K., Tobing, D. H., & Vembriati, N. (2017). Stigma terhadap Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa di Bali. Inquiry, 8, 121–132.

Indrawati, P. A., Sulistiowati, N. M. D., & Nurhesti, P. O. Y. (2019). Pengaruh Pelatihan Kader Kesehatan Jiwa Terhadap Persepsi Kader dalam Merawat Orang Dengan Gangguan Jiwa. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 6(2), 71-75. https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/JKJ/article/view/4441/0

Kemenkes. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. , (2018).

Kemenkes. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 4 Tahun 2019 tentang Standar Teknis Pemenuhan Mutu Pelayanan Dasar pada Standar Pelayanan Minimal Bidang Kesehatan. , (2019).

Livana, P. H., Kandar, K., & Sudiyanto, S. (2020). Upaya Mencegah Kekambuhan ODGJ melalui Peran Kader Kesehatan Jiwa di RSJD Dr Amino Gondohutomo Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Peduli Masyarakat, 2(1), 37-40. https://doi.org/10.37287/jpm.v2i1.78

PH, L., Hermanto, H., & Pratama, N. (2018). Dukungan Keluarga dengan Perawatan Diri pada Pasein Gangguan Jiwa di Poli Jiwa. Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang, 4(1), 11-17.https://doi.org/10.33490/jkm.v4i1.54

Livana, P. H., Daulima, N. H. C., & Mustikasari, M. (2020). Karakteristik Keluarga Pasien Gangguan Jiwa yang Mengalami Stres. Jurnal Ners Widya Husada, 4(1), 27-34. http://stikeswh.ac.id:8082/journal/index.php/jners/article/view/299

Nasriati, R. (2017). Stigma dan dukungan keluarga dalam merawat orang dengan gangguan jiwa (ODGJ). MEDISAINS, 15, 56–65.

Purnama, G., Yani, D. I., & Sutini, T. (2016). Gambaran Stigma Masyarakat terhadap Klien Gangguan Jiwa di RW 09 Desa Cileles Sumedang. Jurnal Pendidikan Keperawatan Indonesia, 2, 29–37..https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v2i1.2850

Stuart, G. W. (2016). Prinsip dan Praktik Keperawatan Kesehatan Jiwa Stuart. Canada: Elsevier.

Varcarolis, E.M. & Halter, M. J. (2010). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, A Clinical Approach. (6th ed.). Canada: Elsevier.

Videback, S. L. (2011). Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. China: Wolters Kluwer.

Widagdo, L. (2006). Kepala Desa dan Kepemimpinan Perdesaan: Persepsi Kader Posyandu di Kecamatan Mlonggo Kabupaten Jepara, Jawa Tengah. Makara Kesehatan, 10, 54–59.

Widodo, N. (2020). Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Tingkat Pengetahuan Masyarakat Tentang Gangguan Jiwa di RT/RW 002/04 Desa Sukarahayu Kecamata Tambelang Kabupaten Bekasi Tahun 2019.http://ecampus.imds.ac.id/xmlui/handle/123456789/160




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32584/jikj.v3i4.698

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia Jawa Tengah

Central Java Nursing Center, Jl. Yos Sudarso No. 47-49 Genuk, Ungaran Barat, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Tel / fax : (024) 769 13574 / (024) 769 13575 | Email: jurnalilmukeperawatanjiwa@gmail.com

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.